Week Seven


This week we are looking at the subject of behaviour and what is or is not acceptable. We also reviewed modality. Try the activities below for further practice and discussion:
Here is an interesting little video about behaviour in elevators:
Watch the video and think how you might react if you were in a video where someone behaved like this?
Have you ever been in a situation where someone behaved oddly in a lift?
What other interesting experiments do you think they could try out?
Write your ideas inthe discussion forum.


Here is another little video showing statistics for what Americans feel is morally acceptable behaviour for the year 2008. Is this similar in italy, do you think or different? Post your ideas on the discussion forum.



Behaviour Cloze test


Here is a cloze test which we did in class: Choose the correct words to fill in the gaps and then check your answers. Look at the type of language that is being tested, and the kind of language that is useful for you to notice when you read. Look in particular at language patterns, words that might be false friends in your language and common collocations. When you have done the exercise, make a note of some of the language that you want to remember and then start to use it;


Epistemic Modality

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This is the type of modality we use to talk about the area between what IS and what IS NOT. We do this when we look at a situation or idea and assess how probable it is. For example:

Consider the situation of going out in the morning before a day at a conference or at meetings or lessons. You make all kinds of assessments about your probable levels of hunger during the day.

Being hungry
She must be hungry,look at the way she's wolfing down that cake!
I may well be hungry this afternoon so I'll take something to eat with me.
He's probably hungry, but he can't stop to eat now.
I might be hungry later, so I'll take a sandwich with me.
I may be hungry so I'll take an apple.
There could only be a short break but there'll probably be food there.
I probably won't be hungry, so I won't worry about it.
I'm unlikely to be hungry because I never feel hungry in the morning.

You can't be hungry! You had that great big breakfast half an hour ago.
Not being hungry.

Forms we can use to assess situations


1. We can use modal auxiliaries to express this type of ASSESSMENT of a situation or we can use lexical phrases. Look at the examples above and decide which ones are modal auxiliaries and which ones lexical phrases.
2. We can assess general situations or statements and feelings (present simple) ongoing situations or ideas, feelings (present progressive) or past situations or ideas, feelings (perfect form) Look at these examples for each one. How does the form change?

1. He must be out, as nobody is answering the phone.
2. He must be having his meeting at the moment, as the door is closed.
3. He must have left already. His car isn't in its parking space.


Practice

Now complete these sentences so that they reflect your opinions. Remember that you can choose any of the three types of structure just looked at:
Present simple, present progressive or perfect:
I think that in the year 2015 the university might...................................................................................................................................
I think that next year students may well be ........................................................................................................................................
I believe that there must have been ....................................................................................................................................................
I think that at the moment politicians are unlikely to be ...........................................................................................................................
I think that at the moment scientists might be ..........................................................................................................................................
I'm sure that people in my town can't be .....................................................................................................................................................
I think that most tourists in Italy can't ......................................................................................................................................................
I'm firmly convinced that there must be .....................................................................................................................................................
I think that there can't have been ..............................................................................................................................................................
I think that our teacher must have .............................................................................................................................................................
I think that some people in our class may well have ..................................................................................................................................

Now look at this short Harrogate Iatefl Conference video and do the following activity:
Use the modal auxiliaries to write five ideas about the conference itself, Harrogate or how your teacher spent her time at the conference based on the images you see:

Create your own video slideshow at animoto.com.